PAG Uganda approaches food insecurity issues through an integrated programming that simultaneously addresses food availability, food access and food utilization issues. This integration of program components aims at increasing production, reducing vulnerability to food insecurity.
The overall strategic objective for the PAG food security program is to ―sustainably reduce food insecurity among chronically food insecure farming households. This program encompasses a portfolio of activities designed to synergistically achieve three priorities, which are key to addressing food insecurity across the range of geographic areas targeted by PAG Social Development Services (SDS). These three Program Priorities include:
Program Priority 1: Increase the production generated by smallholder farming households
Program Priority 2: Increase the income generated by smallholder farming households
Program Priority 3: Reduce the underlying vulnerability of farming communities to food security shocks
These three Program Priorities aim to address, collectively and synergistically, the main constraints to food security among the chronically food insecure populations targeted by PAG SDS. This programme boosts access to productive capital, most notably agricultural inputs and livestock, and increases overall productivity among smallholders; position smallholders to capture more value added in processing, storage and marketing of their production; and natural resource and disaster management techniques to reduce underlying vulnerability. Increasing food availability is done by providing skills, seeds and tools to help target households in crop production.
The scope of PAG’s food security programme integrates climate change interventions. Climate change issues are addressed by engaging communities on disaster risk reduction (DRR), disaster risk management (DRM) and adaptation. Target communities receive technical facilitation in the process of “community based DRM systems analysis”. This exercise helps to increase community’s understanding of their vulnerability to climate change disaster; and engage on intervention for disaster risk reduction and adaptation. The communities play a key role in developing their action plans for managing likely disasters and reduce impact. Strengthening communities’ role in climate change adaptation, DRR and DRM is expected to cushion its impact on household food security.
PAG SDS programmes target the most vulnerable communities, households and individuals. PAG SDS food security interventions are mainly located in the areas that are affected by extreme weather conditions (drought and floods); and those recovering from armed conflict. PAG SDS food security program is on-going in Kabale, Nebbi, Apac, Kaberamaido, Soroti, Serere, Kumi, Ngora, Bukedea, Katakwi, Amuria districts and Karamoja region. The target beneficiary groups include people living with HIV and AIDS, widows, orphans, female-headed and child-headed households. PAG SDS applies equal opportunity approach when identifying project participants/beneficiaries. Beneficiaries are identified irrespective of their religious, political or other affiliations.